### Summary

In this lesson, students will use proportions and percentages to discover what classrooms around the world are like.

### Essential Question(s)

How can we use proportions to understand our world?

### Snapshot

**Engage **

Students complete sticky bar exercises to assess their knowledge of peoples of the world and watch a 12-minute video based on the book "If the World Were a Village" (or read the original book, if accessible).

**Explore **

Students work in small groups and use proportions to determine what the classroom would look like if it were representative of the whole world.

**Explain **

Students present their results.

**Extend **

Students create children's books that explore what classrooms may be like around the world.

**Evaluate **

Students partake in a Gallery Walk of peer-created children's books.

### Materials

Lesson Slides (attached)

Country Information Sheet (attached)

Web Resources (attached)

Numerical Information in

*If the World Were a Village*(attached)*If the World Were a Village*by David J. SmithSticky notes (three per student)

Three posters/large chart papers or three blank areas of white boards

Markers

Colored pencils/crayons

Blank, white paper (three sheets per student)

### Engage

Introduce the lesson using the attached Lesson Slides. Go to **slide 3** to display the lesson’s essential question: How can we use proportions to understand our world? Go to **slide 4** to share the lesson’s learning objective with students. Review this with your class to the extent you feel necessary.

Go to **slide 5**. Hand three sticky notes to each student. Introduce the class to the Sticky Bars strategy, and have the class create a Sticky Bar for each question. To do so, students should write how they know the answer to each question on a sticky note and post their note above what they believe the right answer is. When complete, your Sticky Bars may look something like this:

Go to **slide 6**. After the class has created the three Sticky Bars, tell students that you will be reading a book to them. Their job as they listen is to record as much mathematical information presented as they can.

Go to **slide 7**. Read the book aloud. For reference, the attached **Numerical Information handout** gives the numerical information presented in the book.

Go to **slide 8**. After reading the book, return students' attention to their sticky bar results. Ask students what information they recorded about the three questions (See the Numerical Information handout for the information they should have recorded). Record the information somewhere all students can see. Discuss with them whether most people in the class were correct, and what may influence our perceptions of the world.

Go to **slide 9**. Explain to students that understanding mathematical concepts, like fractions, percentages (with which they should be familiar) and proportions (which they are about to explore) can help them make sense of the people and events in different parts of the world even if they have no personal experiences.

### Explore

Go to **slide 10**. Complete a Think, Pair, Share exercise with your students using the prompt "What would our class look and sound like if it represented the whole world?"

If no student brings up what “represented” means in this context, you will need to bring up this question yourself at the end of the discussion. Turn the question over to the class, asking them what they think it means to "represent" the world. Students will often begin by saying that you need the "right" or the "same" number of people from each continent, language, etc. Ask these students to define right or same.

Go to **slide 11**. Through discussion, establish the idea that the ratio (or fractions) of people with a given characteristic need to be equal for the world and for the class. Once it is established that fractions (or ratios) need to be equal, you can define "proportion" as an equation that sets two fractions (or ratios) equal to each other.

Go to **slide 12**. Ask the class how a proportion could be used to help decide what the class might look or sound like if it represented the whole world. Guide students through a discussion until they write a proportion with an unknown value (represented by a blank, variable, or question mark.) The example below shows what this discussion might look like if the class were attempting to find out how many students out of a class of 28 would be from Asia, using the information that 61 out of 100 people are from Asia. You can choose to start with this information or any other information that your class finds interesting. You should, of course, use your actual class size, not 28.

Go to **slide 13**. Once you have written the first proportion with students, have them work in small groups of 2 to 4 students to create strategies for finding the number of students who would represent Asia if the class were representative of the whole world.

### Explain

Go to **slide 14**. When most groups have found the value of x, or when groups are becoming too frustrated to be productive, bring the whole class together to discuss the strategies they formed. Some explanations for possible student strategies are shown below.

Have students present their work and results. After each group presents, ask the rest of the class what they liked about the strategy and what they didn't like.

Go to **slide 15**. After all groups have presented, ask students to choose one method that would like to try to use to solve another proportion. Once students have had 2-3 minutes to choose a strategy they want to try, have students use the strategy to solve another proportion relating their class to the world population statistics in *If the World Were a Village. *For example, you could choose to have them write and solve a proportion determining how many class members would be from Africa if the class represented the whole world, or you can move to a different topic and ask them to find out how many people would speak Chinese. Continue discussing strategies and practicing solving proportions until most groups seem confident they have found a strategy that works for them.

### Extend

Go to **slide 16**. Tell students they will be writing a children's book modeled on "If the World Were a Village" which they will title "If our classroom were in _______."

Go to **slide 17**. To fill in the blank, students in the class will be assigned different countries to research. Their book should tell readers how many people are typically in a class in their assigned countries. In addition, it should talk about the languages spoken, religious practices, available technology, water, clean air, food, and money of the people in their assigned countries.

This information can be found in the attached **Country Information Sheet**. You may decide to cut them in advance and randomly select the countries for students, or another method may work best for your class. Draw one card or assign each student to a country. Pass out two blank pages of paper to each student. Have students stack the two pages and fold them in half horizontally (hamburger fold) and staple the pages along the crease. Tell students that these pages will form the pages of their children's book. Aside from the front and back covers, each page should contain information about a different demographic for their countries' classrooms, including class size. All information should be written as whole numbers (since you cannot have just part of a person and since small children are not likely to understand ratios or percentages).

Pass out the attached **Web Resources** handout or share it digitally to help students gather data relevant to their countries. They may also research alternative or additional data on their own. They may complete this evaluation in class or at home. Generally, teachers allow one work period after assigning the countries. This is generally enough time for students to generate and check the numbers they will use in their book. Then, students can write and illustrate the book at home.

### Evaluate

Go to **slide 18**. Have students partake in a Gallery Walk to display their children’s books. You could have students read their books to small groups at a time or just have the books displayed for students to look through at their own pace.

### Resources

K20 Center. (n.d.). Gallery Walk. Strategies. https://learn.k20center.ou.edu/strategy/118

K20 Center. (n.d.). Sticky Bars. Strategies. https://learn.k20center.ou.edu/strategy/129

K20 Center. (n.d.). Think-pair-share. Strategies. https://learn.k20center.ou.edu/strategy/139

Smith, D. (2002, March 1).

*If the World Were a Village*. Kids Can Press.