How can a technology-enriched learning community increase student engagement and academic performance and prepare students for postsecondary opportunities?
Participants will experience an authentic activity that integrates technology and reflect on this experience to determine the relevant components of authenticity.
Participants will differentiate types of assignments that fit into the SAMR model.
Participants will apply their understanding of the modeled technology and use a chosen tool to create a classroom activity.
Authentic Use of Technology slide presentation
Instructional Strategies note sheet handout
Authenticity Framework Reading handout
Authentic Lesson Reflection Tool handout
"Card Sort" instructional strategy answer keys document
Personal Topic SAMR document
SAMR and Depth of Knowledge (DoK) document
Lesson Snapshot Samples for different content areas
"Sentence-Word-Phrase" instructional strategy shared Google doc
Lesson Snapshot Samples for ELA, Math, Science, and Social Studies
Begin the presentation by telling participants that today's session will about integrating technology in an authentic way. They will learn how authentic use of technology can positively impact student engagement and academic performance and get some tools for integrating authentic technology in their own classrooms.
On slide three, direct participants to their Instructional Strategy Notes Sheet and encourage them to take notes throughout the presentation. New instructional strategies will be modeled in the session, and this sheet will provide a great way for them to reflect on how they might use these strategies in the future.
Transition to slide four, titled Preflection. Tell participants, "We are going to begin with a question that will help you to tap into your prior knowledge about technology. Then, we'll share our ideas about the purpose of technology." Guide participants to the Padlet activity. Here, participants will create responses to the question, "What's the purpose of technology?" Allow five to ten minutes to record responses in the app. You may choose to make responses in the Padlet anonymous. Participants can work in groups or respond individually. When everyone has had a chance to complete the activity, invite participants to share out their answers.
Introduce the Essential Question on slide five: How can an authentic, technology-enriched learning environment increase student engagement and academic performance? Lead participants to think about how this question might apply to the preparation for postsecondary opportunities.
On slide six, review each objective for this session. Participants will become familiar with the components of authenticity, learn about the SAMR model, and create a classroom activity that they can take with them.
Transition to slide seven and ask participants to form small groups. Pass out copies of the "Authenticity Framework" reading. Using the Jigsaw strategy, each participant within a group will take ownership of one of the components of authenticity, Construction of Knowledge, Disciplined Inquiry, Real-World Connections, or Student-Centered Learning, and become the "expert" for that portion of the reading. After reading, each expert will share the key takeaways or main idea of the section with the group. Allow 10-15 minutes for this activity.
Introduce the Sentence-Phrase-Word instructional strategy on slide eight. Within their groups, ask participants to identify a sentence that was meaningful, a phrase that moved them, and a powerful word from the reading. Ask members of each group to record their group's three responses in the shared Google document. Take a look at the responses as a whole group and share out reflections on the common themes. Ask, "What responses speak to you?" and "What are the implications for classroom learning?"
Introduce the SAMR video on slide 10. Ask participants to repeat the Sentence-Phrase-Word strategy with the video content, recording one sentence, phrase, and word on a sticky note as they watch. After the video ends, have participants record their sticky note responses in the shared Google document.
Transition to the Self SAMR Model on slide 11, and pass out copies of the Personal Topic SAMR handout. Tell participants to think of a topic or subject that they know really well. Give participants a few moments to think of an answer. Now ask them, "What is the lowest form of that topic that almost anyone would or could recognize? What is the highest or most complex form of that topic? Next, what are two representations of the topic that fall in between the simplest and most complex forms?" Allow a few moments for participants to fill out their Personal Topic handout.
Encourage participants to think about how they arrived at the deeper understanding of their topic. Within their own minds, they had to research, synthesize, and create in order to arrive at a hierarchy that gave them a deeper understanding.
Transition to the SAMR coffee cups on slide 12. Point out how the SAMR model progresses technology integration from its simplest form (Substitution) to its most complex form (Redefinition), just as each of them progressed their topics through iterative stages.
Transition to the SAMR water exploration graphic on slide 13. This example provides an even deeper dive into the SAMR model. It illustrates the integration of technology in its simplest form, doing what you've always done but with technology, to its most complex, doing what can't be done without technology. The first two SAMR stages (Substitution and Augmentation) serve to enhance learning, while the latter two stages (Modification and Redefinition) transform learning.
Using a modification of the Card Sort strategy on slide 14, have participants open one of the Padlet links and sort varying types of technology-assisted activities into their appropriate SAMR categories. Participants can work individually or in small groups to discuss and decide where each task falls on the SAMR model. After everyone has finished, share the answer key and go over the responses.
Introduce the Word Splash strategy on slide 15. Show participants the word cloud that you generated using the words and phrases they recorded after reading the Authenticity Framework reading and watching the SAMR video. Ask them to take a look at the top five to seven words. Ask participants to write a statement consisting of two or three sentences that use these words to explain how technology can be used authentically in the classroom. Have participants share out these sentences and think about where these uses fall on the SAMR model.
Transition to slide 16 and hand out the Authentic Lesson Reflection Tool. This tool is used to provide detail in discussing the four components of authentic learning. Ask participants to consider within their groups where today's lesson on SAMR has been strong and where it may be lacking with regard to the components. Allow participants to share out their feedback.
Transition to slide 17 and remind participants to take a few moments now and jot down their thoughts about the instructional strategies they've used today. On the Instructional Strategies Note Sheet, they can record how each strategy was used to promote authentic learning along with ideas about how they might use the strategy to do so in their own classroom.
Move to slide 18, titled, "Upcoming Content". Have participants choose a topic or concept for which they would like to design a task at each level of critical thinking/tech integration. Introduce the color-coded SAMR and DoK document. This document gives examples of critical thinking skills and corresponding levels of tech integration. Move through the next four slides (numbers 19–22), allowing participants time on each level to design a task for their chosen topic.
Transition to the evaluation on slide 24. Circle back to the Preflections at the beginning of the presentation when participants accessed prior knowledge about the purpose of technology. Pull up the Padlet from the Engage activity or remind participants of some of their answers. Ask participants, "Given your learning today, which of these Preflections support the type of environment described in the essential question: How can an authentic, technology-enriched learning environment increase student engagement and academic performance?" Allow participants to share out their thoughts about the relationship between technology integration and student engagement and academic performance, as well as the potential for postsecondary education (PSE).
Authenticity can be implemented in all content areas and all grade levels. Authentic teaching has four components, construction of knowledge, disciplined inquiry, value beyond school, and student-centered learning. These four components are created and apparent through authentic tasks. Authentic tasks defined by Herrington, et al. (2014), are ill-defined, requiring students to define the tasks and subtasks needed to complete the activity. They are investigated by students over a sustained period of time. Tasks can be applied to different subject and content areas and lead with opened-ended outcomes. These tasks are seamlessly integrated with assessment and create accomplished products valuable in the student's own right. They allow for competing solutions and a diversity of outcomes. Authentic lessons allow opportunities for collaboration, which leads to the exploration of multiple perspectives and various points of view to be heard during a lesson. By forming collaborative groups, students are able to construct knowledge. Through the use of essential, open-ended questions, teachers provide the opportunity for students to reflect and articulate thoughts and the processes of their learning. "Authentic learning environments need to provide collaborative learning where, for example, more able partners can assist with scaffolding and coaching, and where teachers provide appropriate learning support" (Herrington,2014; Collins et al., 1989; Greenfield, 1984). Herrington et al. describe the four components in an authentic lesson as 1) students should seek to solve a real-life problem to which they would attach emotional commitment as well as a cognitive interest, 2) the problem should be sufficiently open-ended so that there are a variety of strategies for its solution, 3) the problem-solving strategies and "solutions" developed should encourage students to change their actions, beliefs or attitudes, and 4) the problem should have a real audience beyond the classroom. Authentic tasks are more worthy of the investment of time and effort in higher education than decontextualized exercises and tasks (Herrington & Herrington, 2006).
Candace M. (2013, May, 30). SAMR in 120 Seconds [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=us0w823KY0g
Collins, A., Brown, J. S., & Newman. S. E. (1989). Cognitive apprenticeship: Teaching the crafts of reading, writing, and mathematics. In L. B. Resnick (Ed.), Knowing, learning and instruction: Essays in honour of Robert Glaser (pp. 453-494). Hillsdale, NJ: LEA.
Greenfield, P. M. (1984). A theory of the teacher in the learning activities of everyday life. In B. Rogoff & J. Lave (Eds.), Everyday cognition: Its development in social context (pp. 117-138). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Herrington, A., & Herrington, J. (2006). Authentic learning environments in higher education. Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing.
Herrington, J., Reeves, T. C., & Oliver, R. (2014). Authentic learning environments. In J. M. Spector, D. M. Merrill, J. Elen, & M. J. Bishop (Eds.), Handbook of research on educational communications and technology (pp. 401-412). New York: Springer.
K20 Center. (n.d.). Card sort. Strategies. Retrieved from https://learn.k20center.ou.edu/strategy/d9908066f654727934df7bf4f506976b
K20 Center. (n.d.). Jigsaw. Strategies. Retrieved from https://learn.k20center.ou.edu/strategy/d9908066f654727934df7bf4f507c1b8
K20 Center. (n.d.). Preflections. Strategies. Retrieved from https://learn.k20center.ou.edu/strategy/fc74060730ea745c8c4f356aa203f86a
K20 Center. (n.d.). Sentence-Phrase-Word. Strategies. Retrieved from https://learn.k20center.ou.edu/strategy/35a5bccee1c44ebf071d36920000ac06
K20 Center. (n.d.). Word Splash. Strategies. Retrieved from https://learn.k20center.ou.edu/strategy/fe96d3de46cfdc1f385aab7e7500a888